Skip to main content

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

See other formats

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl3310\margr3191\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3310\margrsxn3191\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1778 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 ioo{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw1 THE BUDDHA'S LIFE}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Life of the Buddha}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi475\ri36\sb140\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Like Jainism, Buddhism also was founded by an \expndtw11 illustrious Ksatriya. His family name was Grotama, \expndtw4 but he is better known by his spiritual title of the Bud\-\expndtw10 dha. He was born of Maya in the Lumbiiii garden \expndtw4 (modern Rummindei or Rupan-dehi), near Kapilavastu. \expndtw7 His father, Suddhodana, was the "Raja" of the proud \expndtw9 Sakya clan. Fearing his son's reflective cast of mind, \expndtw14 he married him to Gopa or Yasodhara\super 1\nosupersub  at an early \expndtw6 age, and surrounded him with all kinds of enjoyments \expndtw16 and luxuries. But, in a world full of disease and \expndtw3 misery, these did not offer any satisfaction to the medi\-\expndtw21 tative Gotama. He, therefore, escaped one night \expndtw3 in his 29th year from the palace, leaving his wife and \expndtw10 newly-born son Rahula behind, to seek solace in the \expndtw14 life of a recluse. Not getting any mental repose or \expndtw5 calm from his studies under two distinguished teachers \expndtw7 of the time named Alara Kalama and Uddaka Rama-putta, Gotama went to the sylvan retreats of Uruvela, \expndtw3 near modern Bodhgaya, to practise the severest austeri\-\expndtw8 ties. He subjected himself to such rigorous discipline \expndtw12 that he was reduced to a mere skeleton. But He did \expndtw5 not in any way advance towards the goal, and conse\-\expndtw4 quently he gave up the method of self-torture, so com-\scaps\expndtw6 ?\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 q \scaps0\super t\nosupersub ^\super en\nosupersub * \super as\nosupersub  footless, and partook of milk-food o tiered by Sujata, who had gone to worship the tree-deity. At \expndtw5 last, one night, while he sat under an umbrageous \i Pipal}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li40\fi0\ri0\sb86\sa0\sl-216\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 a \i0\scaps0 ?\super fi\nosupersub  t \super Seat\nosupersub  \super lnade\nosupersub  \super of\nosupersub  S\super rass\nosupersub > \super th\nosupersub e Hght dawned on him \scaps\expndtw9 mm \scaps0 he became the Buddha, the perfectly Enlightened \super\expndtw8 age\nosupersub  \super of\nosupersub  \super thi\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 t\nosupersub y-five.   After some misgivings \expndtw9 people will understand its abstruse    nature,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li662\fi90\ri0\sb320\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 'SJ**\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'99\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 * \i0 (Cambridge, 1916); Barodia, \b\i History \b0 and \i0\expndtw15 Vo! T ^rr\super 0mba\nosupersub y'.^\super 0\nosupersub 9); Radhakrishoan, \b\i Indian \b0 Phi-\i0\b\expndtw-3 '     \b0 " \super VI\nosupersub > PP- \super 286\nosupersub -34o; C. L. Shah, \i Jainism in Northern}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li720\fi0\ri0\sb122\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 '   ' texts call Gotama's wife BhaddakaccM or   Bitnba.}\par }